Linux (Archiving Files)


Decompression speed (fast to slow):

  • gzip, zip
  • 7z
  • rar
  • bzip2

Compression speed (fast to slow):

  • gzip, zip
  • bzip2
  • 7z
  • rar

Compression ratio (better to worse):

  • 7z
  • rar
  • bzip2
  • gzip
  • zip

File extension:

  • .tar: plain
  • .tar.gz or .tar.tgz: gzip
  • .tar.bz2 or .tar.tbz: bzip


# archive
tar -czvf name-of-archive.tar.gz /path/to/directory-or-file # gzip

# multiple file/directory
tar -czvf archive.tar.gz /home/ubuntu/Downloads /usr/local/stuff /home/ubuntu/Documents/notes.txt

# exclude file
tar -czvf archive.tar.gz /home/ubuntu --exclude=/home/ubuntu/Downloads --exclude=/home/ubuntu/.cache
tar -czvf archive.tar.gz /home/ubuntu --exclude=*.mp4

# using bzip2 archive
tar -cjvf archive.tar.bz2 stuff

# using plain archive
tar -cvf archive.tar stuff

# append to existing archive
tar rf ostechnix.tar ostechnix/ sk/ example.txt

  • -c: Create an archive.
  • -z: Compress the archive with gzip.
  • -j: Compress the archive with bzip.
  • -v: Display progress in the terminal while creating the archive, also known as “verbose” mode. The v is always optional in these commands, but it’s helpful.
  • -f: Allows you to specify the filename of the archive.


# extract gzip
tar -xzvf archive.tar.gz

# extract bzip
tar -xjvf archive.tar.gz

# extract plain
tar -xvf archive.tar.gz

# extract to specific directory
tar -xzvf archive.tar.gz -C /tmp

Show content

tar tf ostechnix.tar 

# verbose
tar tvf ostechnix.tar